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Name Of Penguin

Name Penguin
Male Name male
Femle Name female
Kids/Baby Name chick
Group Name rookery
More About Penguin

  • Penguins are birds with black and white feathers and a funny waddle. But unlike most birds, penguins are not able to fly -- in the air that is.
  • Penguins spend as much as 75% of their time underwater, searching for food in the ocean.
  • When they are in the water, they dive and flap their wings. It looks just like they are flying!
  • Their body is built for the most efficient swimming with their average speed in the water being about 15 miles per hour.
  • They are warm blooded, just like people with a normal body temperature of about 100 degrees F.
  • Penguins eat seafood. Their main diet is fish, though they'll also eat squid, small shrimplike animals called "krill" (see photo to the right) and crustaceans.
  • They also have backward facing bristles on their tongue that helps slippery seafood from getting away.
  • Penguins don't live near freshwater -- at least none that isn't frozen. Instead they drink salt water. They have a special gland in their bodies that takes the salt out of the water they drink and pushes it out of grooves in their bill.
  • Penguins' bones are solid and heavy, which help them to remain submerged and reduce the energy needed for pursuit diving.
  • Some species can reach depths of 1000 feet or more and stay submerged for up to 25 minutes, though most prefer shorter, shallower dives
  • Penguins generally breed in large, dense colonies called 'rookeries', some with 180,000 or more birds
  • Most penguins build nests of stone and there they incubate one or two eggs.
  • Natural enemies of the penguin include seals, Killer whales, and, in the case of young chicks and eggs, several species of seabirds.
  • Healthy adult penguins have no predators on land, so they have no natural fear of humans.
  • While they don't like to be approached directly, these naturally curious birds will sometimes come quite close to a quiet observer to get a better look.

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